Monday 11:00 - 1:00 [in H-214]
Tuesday 9:00 - Noon [in
Tuesday 1:00 - 4:00
Mondays 2:00 -
4:00 [in S-549]
- 5:00 [in S-549]
: Insects are the most
successful organisms on earth, representing over half the species inhabiting
our planet. Although typically small, they are enormously influential in
world ecosystems and represent mankind's greatest threat. Coverage in this
course will begin by examining the evolutionary history of insects, back
to their appearance 400 million years ago in the Devonian Period. Lecture
and discussion topics will focus on basic insect biology and consideration
of those species which are important to mankind in terms of commerce, medicine
(e.g., allergens, disease, and forensic science), and as competitors. Other
topics will include the pivotal role played by insects in nature, and methods
for population control. Live specimens and technical films will be included
in laboratory work, which will emphasise morphology and diversity.
One two-hour lecture/discussion group and three hours of laboratory work
EES C04F, or permission of instructor.
Mid-term test (on lecture and lab materials up to test date)
[Lab 5, 10%; Lab 6, 5%; Lab 7,
10%; Lab 10, 5%]
Final exam (on all lecture and
Lab attendance and participation
: These are due on the dates
indicated in the Lab Schedule. Extensions are given only if a medical certificate
is produced. Without this, the penalty for work handed in late is 10% of
the maximum mark available for the assignment per day.
P.J. and P.S. Cranston. 2005. The Insects: An Outline of Entomology. Third
Edition. Blackwells, London.
[Recommended, but not compulsory]
Lecture and Discussion
Topic No. Date
10 September Evolutionary history of
17 September The arachnids (scorpions,
spiders, ticks and mites)
24 September Insects - classification
and life histories
Insects - life processes
15 October Social
insects and aquatic insects
29 October Insects,
arachnids and human health
5 November Insects and forensic science
12 November The role of insects in world
19 November Insects and mankind - the
economic cost of insects
10 26 November
Insect control - biology vs chemistry?
3 December Palaeoentomology
(* in lecture room, 11:00 am, 22nd October - based on all lecture and
lab material to this date)
- 26th November - BACKGROUND READING
"Insect control - biology vs chemistry?"
• Relevant sections from the following and other appropriate articles must
be read prior to the discussion period. They are available on short-term
loan (3 hrs) from the library.
Arnason, J.T. & B.J.R. Philogene. (eds) 1991. "Symposium on the role
of plant-derived substances for insect control". Mem. Ent. Soc. Canada 159:
Samways, M.J. 1981. "Biological control of pests and weeds".
Inst. Biol. Studies in Biology No. 132, Edward Arnold, London. 58 pp.
Hokkanen, H.M.T. & D. Pimentel. 1989. "New associations in
biological control: theory and practice". Can. Ent. 121: 829-840.
• The following references are also available on the Course Homepage:
Ceccatti, J.S. 2004. Resisting insects: shifting strategies in chemical control.
Endeavour 28: 14-19.
Hawkins B.A., N.J. Mills, M.A. Jervis., P.W. Price 1999. Is the biological
control of insects a natural phenomenon? Oikos 86:493
Simberloff, D. and P. Stiling. 1996. How risky is Biological Control. Ecology
Stoner, K. 2004. Approaches to the biological control of insects. UMCE Bulletin
• See also the notes on useful webpage resources on the next page.
In the lecture period two weeks prior to this date, each student will be
required to sign up for one or other of the two debating camps:
 Members of the Board of Directors of Cyanamide of Canada - a major producer
of chemical control agents for pests of agricultural crops in Canada. You
will be required to put forward arguments supporting your industry and its
approach to insect control.
 Scientists, Managers and Shareholders of United Agri Bio-products Ltd.
- a small but rapidly growing company specialising in biotechnology in agriculture,
specifically the selection, development, breeding and sale of biological
Each group must:
- summarize your company policy (perhaps you have a company motto, or mission
- put forward your company's arguments supporting your approach to insect
- comment on and criticize your rival company's approach
This should be done through developing a clear agenda, electing major and
minor spokespersons, and using appropriate visual aids (e.g., blackboard,
overhead projector, slide projector, charts, graphs, powerpoint, etc.)
Each side will have 20 minutes of class time to put forward its respective
philosophies and viewpoints.
Each will then have 10 minutes to comment on/criticize its opponent.
Finally, there will be a further period of "free" debate (no violence please!)
** Each group must organize itself in advance of the discussion date so that
the debate runs smoothly.
Note that participation in this exercise will count towards the "participation"
segment of your final grade in the course.
Lab No. Date
11 September Primitive Arthropoda: Trilobita
18 September Primitive Uniramia: Onychophora
Primitive Hexapoda: Protura to Diplura
Insecta: Archeognatha to Orthopteroids
25 September Insecta: Plecopteroids
Insecta: Coleoptera to Hymenoptera
Insect mechanics [Report due 16 October]
of insect-transmitted diseases [Report due at the end of this lab period]
mystery [Report due 30 October]
October The role
of museums in entomological research
Meet on the Front Steps of the ROM at 10:00 a.m.
2:00 p.m., respectively. Keep to your normal
lab time slot. **
6 November Insect ultrastructure
10 13 November
Classification exercise [Report due at the end of this
11 27 November
Lab open for review